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Clipper Port Jackson 1882

Considered one of the most beautiful iron ships ever built. Designed by Alexander Duthie and built by Hall under supervision of Duthie Brothers at cost of £29,000. Unusually strong. Under 1st commander Capt. Crombie some fast passages - notably 39 days Sydney-San Francisco; best run in 24 hrs. 345 miles; 77 days Channel-Sydney 1882. 1907 bought by Devitt & Moore as cadet training ship.

‘PORT JACKSON’ Built 1882.
Iron ship of 2132 Tons.
Length; 286.2 ft.
Breadth; 41.1 ft.
Depth; 25.2 ft.
Built by Hall of Aberdeen for Devitt and Moore.
Master; Captain A.S.Cutler.
She was designed by Alexander Duthie and cost 29,000 Pounds to build.


She became a cadet training ship and ended her days when she was torpedoed by a German submarine on April the 28
th 1917. [Passenger ship and Cadet Training Vessel]

 

 

 

 

 

 


No doubt the most beautiful harbour in the world, Port Jackson was first sighted in 1770 by James Cook who remarked nonchalantly , "there appears to be a good anchorage" and named it after the Judge Advocate of the Fleet. He did not enter the formidable heads, but 18 years later Arthur Phillip rejected Botany Bay as a settlement and entered the harbour, where he had "the satisfaction of finding the finest harbour in the world". The First Fleet entered the harbour on 26 January 1788, and it could be said, 'the rest is history'. There are few natural harbours in the world which can rival Port Jackson in its size, protection in all weather, depth, and ease of access and navigation. Nevertheless there have been many tragic shipwrecks and collisions. The full area of Sydney Harbour extends over 5500 hectares, the deepest being 47 metres (between Dawes Point and Blues Point).  Sydney is one of the major ports of Australia, with no less than sixteen kilometres of commercial wharfage with just a few kilometres from the city.  More and more tragic incidents have occurred in the harbour as the population of the new settlement at Sydney Cove grew into the exciting metropolis of today.

The most tragic of modern-day accidents occurred on 3 November 1927 when the 7000 ton liner Tahiti sliced through one of Sydney's famous wooden ferries, killing at least forty people. Even during wartime, Sydney Harbour provided excellent protection but three Japanese mini-subs managed to enter and although not creating any significant military damage, 1 sank the steamer Kuttabul with the loss of 19 young lives.

It was, however, during the migration years of the mid to late 19th century that most tragic shipping incidents occurred, tragic not only in the loss of lives, but the circumstances of their loss, being so close to their new home after several months at seas. The fully-rigged ship Dunbar (Sunderland) is just one example of such a tragedy, wrecked outside the Heads in 1858, with the loss of all but one of her complement. At 1321 tons she remains as the largest vessel lost in or near the harbour. The Catherine Adamson was another tragedy, with 20 lost - after she had negotiated the Heads. Most losses within the harbour have been as a result of collisions or fire, although 6 vessels have been lost on Sow and Pigs, one of the few navigation hazards within the harbour.

There are over 300 hundred vessels listed. Of these, around 90 vessels were lost within the harbour. Others are listed as they attempted to enter the Heads, and were lost near to the entrance. Also included in this listing are those vessels scuttled in "the disposal area" which was actually off Long Reef, outside the harbour.


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Last modified: 01/09/2013