The House of Correction, founded in 1637 on the initiative of
Provost Jaffray, stood nearby until
It provided lodging and employment in the cloth industry for vagrants and
So called because there was a 'House of
Correction' for vagrants and delinquents active between 1637 and 1711
giving lodging and employment within the Cloth Trade.
Steps lead down to Correction Wynd
from Union Street opposite the building. The lower ground level of Correction Wynd still follows the Medieval street plan of the city. A `House of Correction'
was founded on the site in 1637 and stood until 1711. A plaque on the wall of
Nicholas Kirkyard, which lines the left hand side of the Wynd, states that the
house `provided lodging and employment in the cloth industry for vagrants and
delinquents'. The loading bay and car-park behind No 19 Correction Wynd was
formerly the site of St Thomas's Church (later the Free Melville).
was on a hill, with quite a steep drop into the valley of the
– as seen by the steps down the side of the kirk into
There was evidence that the ground was quite unstable and slightly boggy. It
seems that, shortly after being built, the east end of the Kirk slipped into the
valley. The surviving stonework clearly showed how the new east end,
strengthened with buttresses, had been built into the older sidewalls. Some of
the sidewalls have been retained.
The structure top right in this inset was originally the Forsythe Temperance
Hotel at 100/102 Union Street since the 1840's
St Nicholas Lane runs into Correction Wynd
John Rattray, labourer, 30
(Ran Parallel with East North Street) Aberdeen, was brought up on a charge of
having on 9th November, in the
Aberdeen , stolen £12 in money from
Henry Forbes, labourer, Bridge of Dee,
Kincardineshire. The prisoner admitted the charge. Mr A Emslie Smith, jun.,
Advocate, represented accused. He said the theft was the result of yielding to a
sudden temptation. The 2 men, Rattray and Forbes, were drinking together, and
Forbes, in pulling something out of his pocket, brought forth a bundle of notes,
which dropped on the floor. The sudden temptation overwhelmed accused, who was
now exceedingly penitent. Most of the money had been recovered, and he asked the
accused be granted the benefit of the First Offenders Act. A minister in town
had offered to stand security for him, and as accused had a wife and children,
he urged the Court to deal leniently with the offender. On the other side, the
Procurator-fiscal described this as rather a mean theft. The theft was committed
while Forbes was asleep, and after accused had been drinking at Forbes's
expense. The Sheriff said he was unable to take that view of the case as
presented by Mr Smith, and sentenced accused to 30 days' imprisonment.
Number 19 Correction Wynd/St
Nicholas Lane makes effective use of its restrictive corner site, with its
dominant tripartite corner bay prominently visible from Union Street.
building is a good example of the work of Matthews and Mackenzie in the
Classical Aberdeen tradition. From 1883 onward Mackenzie undertook virtually all
of the design work of the Aberdeen office and became sole partner in 1897, going
on to achieve his most distinguished work with the City Art Gallery and the
Broad Street façade to Marischal College.