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Gordons Hospital

Aberdeen Hospitals

The General Sessions Fund, consisting of mortifications distributed by the General Kirk Session of St Nicholas parish; the Inveramsay Legacy, instituted by the Misses Smith of Inveramsay; the Calder Fund; and the Educational Trust, created by the putting together of several old benevolences yielding collectively about £6000 a year. Among the schemes carried on by the Trust are - a Girls' Home and School of Domestic Economy and a Boys and Girls Hospital school; it also provided bursaries for higher education and the Grammar School, free scholarships at evening schools, etc.

The Boys' Hospital originated in the separation from the Poor's Hospital of the adult inmates and girls, and the subsequent appropriation of the remaining part of the funds to the maintenance and education of poor boys, of whom 25 were admitted in 1768, since which time the number has been increased to 50, who are clothed, maintained, and taught the ordinary branches of learning.
The Girls' Hospital
, upon a similar plan, was instituted in 1829, and was supported by subscription and annual collections; 30 girls are clothed, maintained, and instructed, till they are 14 years of age, when they are placed out to service.

Drum's Lane  Upperkirkgate
This commemorates the location of Lady Drum’s Hospital. In 1633 Marion Douglas, Lady Drum, mortified the sum of 3,000 merks for a commodious house for poor widows and aged virgins.  Building began in 1671. By 1721, the house also accommodated daughters of Burgesses of Guild. In 1798 the area was redeveloped and Drum’s Lane was laid out.

Robert Gordon's Hospital

ROBERT GORDON, founder of an hospital at Aberdeen, son of Arthur Gordon, advocate in Edinburgh, the 9th son of Robert Gordon of Straloch, was born about 1665. In early life he travelled on the Continent, where he spent his patrimony, amounting to about £1100. He afterwards went to Dantzic, where he engaged in trade; and, having acquired a small fortune, he returned to Scotland about the beginning of the 18th century, and went to reside at Aberdeen. Though styled merchant – a title in that city bestowed on any mere shopkeeper, – he does not appear t have entered into business. He was noted for his extreme parsimony, – arising, it is said, from a disappointment in love, which enabled him at his death to bequeath a sum of £10,300, for the purpose of erecting and maintaining an hospital at Aberdeen, which is called after his name, for the education and support of a certain number of boys, the sons of decayed merchants and guild brethren of that burgh. He died in January 1732.

Robert Gordon was a merchant from Aberdeen who spent much of his life based in Poland.  On retiring to Aberdeen, he decided to leave his considerable fortune to found a ‘Hospital’ for boys’ accommodation and education.  The school was built on the site of the old Dominican (Black) Friars building.  The ‘Auld Hoose’, as it is known, was designed  by William Adam.  Before it could be occupied, it was taken over by the Duke of Cumberland as a fort for his troops on the way to crush the Jacobite rebellion at Culloden.  As a result, the school opened with 14 pupils in 1750.

In 1881, the ‘Hospital’ was reconstituted as a day school under the name of ‘Robert Gordon’s College’.  

It originally opened in 1750 as the result of a bequest by Robert Gordon an Aberdeen merchant who made his fortune from trading with Baltic Ports, and was known at its foundation as Robert Gordon's Hospital. This was 19 years after Gordon had died and left his Estate in a 'Deed of Mortification' to fund the foundation of the Hospital. The fine William Adam designed building was in fact completed in 1732, but lay empty until 1745 until Gordon's foundation had sufficient funds to complete the interior. During the Jacobite Rebellion, in 1746 the buildings were commandeered by Hanovarian Troops and named Fort Cumberland.

Gordon's aim was to give the poor boys of Aberdeen a firm education, or as he put it to "found a Hospital for the Maintenance, Aliment, Entertainment and Education of young boys from the city whose parents were poor and destitute". At this point all pupils at the school were boarders, but in 1881, the Hospital became a day school known as Robert Gordon's College. In 1903, the vocational education component of the college was designated a Central Institution (which was renamed as Robert Gordon's Institute of Technology in 1965 and became the Robert Gordon University in 1992). Boarding did not return until 1937 with the establishment of Sillerton House. In 1989 RGC became a co-educational school.

Sillerton - The origin of the Sillerton House name is not clear, but it is believed that, in Robert Gordon's lifetime, he was known as Gordon of Silverton (siller being Scots for silver), and on a 1746 map, the school is identified as Sillerton Hospital. An earlier map shows Silverton Hospital in the area of Schoolhill.


Aberdeen Medical Hospitals Timeline

The history of Medicine at Aberdeen is a long and distinguished one and is almost as long as the history of the University itself. The University was founded by Bishop William Elphinstone in 1495.  It is the 3rd oldest University in Scotland and the 5th oldest in the UK.  The earliest English-speaking Chair in Medicine was endowed by King James IV in 1497, when the post of Mediciner (equivalent to a modern professorship) was established.  Medical teaching was not continuous after this, but the Mediciner's post was held by some noted physicians and the teaching of medicine was strongly revived in the 19th century when Aberdeen's Medical School became one of the most professional in Britain.  By the early 20th century, the accommodation provided at Marischal College proved inadequate for the increasing student numbers.  The Foresterhill site was purchased for the development of a unified hospital and teaching campus and students moved up to this site in 1938.

1742 Infirmary opens at Aberdeen (Woolmanhill)
1773 Aberdeen Royal Infirmary created by Royal Charter
1800 Aberdeen Lunatic Hospital (later Royal Cornhill Hospital) opens at Clerkseat
1829 Aberdeen Ophthalmic Institution opens
1858 Aberdeen Hospital for Persons Labouring under Incurable Disease opens
1881 Dr W J R Simpson appointed 1t full-time Medical Officer of Health
1862 Local Act of Parliament gives Aberdeen Commissioners of Police power to appoint an “Officer of Health
1872 Temporary Smallpox Hospital opens in former factory near Mounthooly
1873 Aberdeen Convalescent Hospital opens
1877 Hospital built near the beach for use in Epidemics (City Hospital)
1877 Aberdeen Hospital for Sick Children opens in Castle Terrace
1884 Aberdeen Incurables Hospital moves to Morningfield
1885 Epidemic Hospital opens on a full-time basis
1886 Epidemic Hospital renamed the City Hospital
1894 A lying-in department established in Aberdeen General Dispensary
1897 Aberdeen Convalescent Hospital moves to new building at Pitfodels
1900 Dispensary Lying-In Department moves to old bank building in Castle Terrace
1903 Appointment of the 1st Female Sanitary Inspector (term changed to health visitor in 1906)
1907 New Poorhouse and associated Hospital blocks open at Oldmill
1909 Temporary hutted clinic for mother and child welfare work set up in Castlegate
1910 School Health Service set up
1912 Dispensary Lying-In Department becomes Aberdeen Maternity Hospital
1920 Regional Laboratory established at City Hospital
1927 Hospital Oldmill taken over by Aberdeen Town Council and renamed Woodend
1928 Royal Aberdeen Hospital for Sick Children moves to new buildings at Burnside
1936 New Aberdeen Royal Infirmary buildings at Foresterhill opened by the Duke of York
1937 New Maternity Hospital opens at Foresterhill
1940 Emergency Hospital blocks built at Woodend
1948 Start of National Health Service on 5 July
1948 Aberdeen General Dispensary closes
1948 Training school for Health Visitors established in Aberdeen


Royal Infirmary
The Infirmary was first established in 1739, by subscription, aided by a grant of £36 per annum by the magistrates, who also gave a site for the erection of the building, which was partly effected in 1760, when 48 patients were admitted. An addition to the building, in 1820, increased the number to 70, and in 1833, the managers resolved to erect an edifice on a larger scale, which was accomplished in 1835, at an expense of £8500, and the institution adapted for the reception of 210 patients. The government by charter, is vested in the magistrates, the professor of medicine in Marischal College, and the moderator of the synod of Aberdeen, who, with all benefactors of £50 each, constitute the body of directors, of whom sixteen, chosen annually, form a committee of management; there are two physicians, two surgeons, a resident surgeon, and an apothecary. The buildings are spacious, and well ventilated; there are twenty wards of large dimensions, and eleven apartments for cases requiring separate treatment and attendance; the income averages £2500. A dispensary was originally established in connexion with the infirmary, and partly supported from the same funds; but, subsequently, dispensaries were opened, and maintained by subscription, of which there were three in the town, and two in the suburbs; these, in 1823, were incorporated into one institution called the General Dispensary.

Woolmanhill had been chosen as the site of the new hospital because of the "goodness of the air in that place". It had been a site for sellers of wool and under the hill there ran a spring of water called the Well of Spa. The water was said to have been of medicinal qualities and effective in many diseases of the mouth, stomach, liver, kidneys and bladder. ( It was then out in the countryside)

The Royal Infirmary, on the western slope of Woolman Hill, was founded in 1740, enlarged in 1753, 1760, and 1820, and wholly rebuilt (1833-40) at a cost of £17,000.  On New Year's Day, 1740, the foundation stone of the Infirmary was laid where the original Royal Infirmary still stands, and in little more than two years thereafter the new building was opened for patients.

The Royal Infirmary, was rebuilt 1833-1840, in the Grecian style, at the cost of £17,000. It is a well-situated, large, commodious, and imposing building. It has three stories, the front being 166 feet long and 50 feet high, with a dome. A detached fever-house was built in 1872 for about £2500. The managers were incorporated by Royal Charter in 1773, and much increased in number in 1852. The institution is supported by land rents, feu-duties, legacies, donations, subscriptions, church collections, &c.

Each bed has on an average 1200 cubic feet of space. There are on the average 130 resident patients, costing each on the average a shilling daily, and the number of patients treated may be stated at 1700 annually, besides outdoor patients receiving advice and medicine. The recent annual expenditure has been about £4300. There is a staff of a dozen medical officers.

A Grecian three-storied edifice, with domed centre and two projecting wings, it is 166 feet long, 112 broad, and 50 high, and, containing 20 large lofty wards with 11 smaller apartments, can accommodate 300 patients. Archibald Simpson 1832-40


1877 Aberdeen Hospital for Sick Children opens in Castle Terrace


Aberdeen Maternity Hospital grew out of Aberdeen General Dispensary, itself an early offshoot of Aberdeen Royal Infirmary. The Dispensary was founded in 1781 and was independent by 1786. In 1790 the Dispensary split into 3 separate institutions but these combined, in 1823, to form the Aberdeen General Dispensary, Vaccine and Lying-in Institution. In 1870 the Dispensary bought 2 houses in the Guestrow, - one to serve as a maternity or lying-in unit, although qualified midwives were not appointed to serve until 1892. The Lying-In Institution moved to Barnett's Close in 1893 and in 1900 the Bank of Scotland Offices in Castle Street were bought and converted into the Maternity Hospital. The hospital grew in importance and finally won its independence in 1912, when it gained its own Board of Directors. In 1919 a Prenatal Department was added by the Town Council as part of their Mother and Child Welfare work. The Hospital was a late participant in the Joint Hospitals Scheme in Aberdeen - not least because of its lack of funds. However, the Infirmary and the University, who jointly owned most of the Foresterhill site, gifted land to the Maternity Hospital and building started in 1934. The new hospital opened in 1937 with 32 beds at a cost of £52,000. 8 beds were added in 1939. In 1941 the Antenatal Hospital was added at the expense of the Corporation of Aberdeen and the County Councils of Aberdeen and Kincardine.  In 1948 the Maternity, like other hospitals on the Foresterhill site, was taken over by the National Health Service. Until 1971 it was administered by the Aberdeen Special Hospitals Board of Management. From 1971 to 1974 it was administered by the Foresterhill and Associated Hospitals Board, and from 1974 it became part of the South District of Grampian Health Board.


New Royal Infirmary at Foresterhill

The idea of centralising services, key to the National Health Service, had an important forerunner at Aberdeen where a joint hospitals scheme was devised by Professor Matthew Hay, the City Medical Officer of Health.  His bold aim to bring together the different voluntary Hospitals services in Aberdeen on one large site bore fruit at Foresterhill. Here the new Royal Infirmary was built alongside a Maternity Hospital and Children’s Hospital, together with a Nurses’ home and the Medical School buildings of Aberdeen University. They shared services including steam for heating, kitchens, and sterilising and laundry facilities. The University undertook pathological, bacteriological and biochemical work for the hospitals.  The new Aberdeen Royal Infirmary building was designed by James Brown Nicol (1867–1953) in  1927 and occupied a central position in this ambitious scheme. Impressively severe and uncompromising in grey granite, the infirmary consisted of 3 five-storey ward blocks for medical, surgical and special cases.  The ward blocks extended south from the gently curved east–west corridor, fanning out from the central administration area.  This arrangement was a welcome variation to the usual long, straight barrack-like corridors, and allowed a freer access of air and sunshine into the wards. When the infirmary opened in 1936 the Aberdeen Press and Journal was warm in its praise, and along the way noted that it had 1,995 ‘ultra-modern’ doors and 2,652 windows.

The Royal Aberdeen Children’s Hospital, was built in 1929. This hospital at Foresterhill replaced an older, more cramped building and comprised 4 wards, all single storey and each with a veranda to allow the children to be wheeled outside in their beds in fine weather. The hospital also had an operating theatre, an outpatient department and an isolation unit.

Aberdeen Royal Infirmary (ARI) is now the largest hospital within NHS Grampian.  It is situated on a self-contained, 50 hectares (125 acres) site at Foresterhill, to the north west of the city centre.

The ARI is the main acute teaching hospital in Grampian and has about 900 hospital beds.  It provides a complete range of medical and clinical specialities, with the exception of heart and liver transplants. Close links with the University of Aberdeen have made it a centre of pioneering medical research in a number of fields. 

 

 

1933 Under Construction -

The Foresterhill campus currently covers 56 hectares and has been jointly owned and occupied by the NHS and the University of Aberdeen since the site was acquired in the early 20th Century. The Aberdeen Royal Infirmary (East End) hospital was constructed in the 1930s with the addition of Phase 1 in 1960s and Phase Phase 2 in the 1970s. NHS Grampian provides all healthcare services for the population of the Grampian area, and specialist tertiary services for the North of Scotland.  The campus has been developed in a piecemeal way and many parts of it are no longer fit for purpose or are nearing the end of their lifespan.  The development will ensuring the delivery of educational and healthcare services to the highest standards but also to create an attractive campus environment that will have a positive impact on the quality of life of patients, visitors, staff and students alike.

 


1938 As opened by Duke of York


City Hospital

Epidemic Wards (City Hospital) were built on the links in 1872 at a cost of £2500, and Loch-head House, with 3 acres of ground, was purchased in 1873 for £2250, to serve as a convalescent hospital. In 1879 the total number of patients treated was 1713 at the infirmary, and 172 at the convalescent hospital, besides 2981 outpatients: and the income for 1880 was £6263, the expenditure £6288. The managing committee is elected from a body composed at present of 21 ex officio and 202 life managers, 16 managers by annual subscription, and 46 from presbyteries and churches.

It was built as the Cunningar Hospital in 1877, a fever hospital, the Clock and bell being transferred from the water house. When Aberdeen was struck by an outbreak of Typhoid Fever in May and June of 1964, this hospital was the centre of the City's fight back against the infection. There were over 500 victims of the fever but only 1 death, a tribute to the quality of care offered by the medical and nursing staff.


Mental Hospitals

The Lunatic Asylum was 1st instituted in 1799, and a building erected for the purpose at a cost of £3484, towards which the Magistrates, as Trustees of Mr. Cargill's charity, contributed £1130, on condition of being permitted to send 10 pauper patients gratuitously; and for the reception of an increasing number of patients, and their requisite classification, some ground adjoining the asylum was purchased, and an additional building erected, in 1819, at a cost of £13,135, towards which the Governors appropriated a bequest of £10,000 by John Forbes, of Newe. In 1836, about 11 acres of land were purchased for £3000, in the cultivation of which many of the patients are engaged; several workshops have also been erected for such as show any predilection for mechanical pursuits, and to these are added the powerful influences of religious worship, for which a chapel has been erected.

The renamed Royal Lunatic Asylum, (Cornhill) opened in 1800, consists of 2 separate houses, valued in 1870 at £40,000 in an enclosure of 40 acres. It is under the same management as the infirmary. The recent daily average of patients has been about 420, at an annual cost of £13,000. The annual rate for each pauper is £25, 10s.  During 1800-80 the asylum admitted 5682 patients, of whom 1040 died, and 4108 were dismissed as either cured or incurable: and on 31 Dec. 1880 the number of pauper inmates was 361, of private inmates 173, the income for the year ending with the preceding March being £18,391, the expenditure £15,861.

The most important was the erection in 1862 of Elmhill House for higher-class patients at a cost of £10,866, this being a handsome building in the Italian villa style, designed by William Ramage, whilst the architect of both asylum and infirmary was Archibald Simpson.  Originally there was a 'bedlam' for the insane at Clarkseat, in the Berryden and Elmhill area. The bedlam opened in 1800 with 12 No. 8 ft square cells, but this institution was for wealthier patients.

John Gordon, Esq., of Murtle, in 1815, bequeathed considerable property to trustees, for pious and charitable uses, of which they assigned £100 per annum to the lecturers on practical religion in King's and Marischal Colleges, £150 to aged female servants, £150 towards the support of Sunday schools, £300 for the establishment of an hospital for female orphans, and the residue in annual donations to the Deaf and Dumb Society, and other institutions. Mr. John Carnegie, in 1835, left nearly £8000 to trustees, for the establishment of an Orphan Hospital for females, and in 1836, Mrs. Elmslie, of London, bequeathed for the same purpose £26,000; with these funds, an appropriate building has been erected, on the west side of the town, and properly endowed. The Asylum for the Indigent Blind was instituted in 1818, by the trustees of Miss Cruickshank, who devoted the bulk of her property to that purpose, which, after the funds had been suffered for some years to accumulate, has been carried into effect, and an appropriate building erected.

Kingseat Mental Hospital Newmacher.  Designed by Marshall MacKenzie, the foundation stone of Kingseat was laid on 14 September 1901 and the institution was built on the then revolutionary segregate or villa system in the style of Alt Scherbitz near Leipzig. .It occupied 337 acres of Kingseat Estate, which had been purchased far £6,250. It opened on 16 May 1904 at a total cost of £125,300. It was this 1st hospital in the UK with this layout having 5 blocks for each gender including 6 closed wards. Additional villas were built later and in 1930 responsibility was transferred from the Parish Council to Aberdeen City. By 1938 patient numbers had risen to 735. It was requisitioned on the outbreak of the Second World War, by the Admiralty, and all patients had to be evacuated.  Kingseat functioned as a Naval Auxiliary Hospital throughout the conflict for casualties from the Atlantic and Arctic Theatres of War, eventually becoming the largest Naval Hospital in the Empire.  It was not handed back to the Town Council until 28 February 1946. The task of re-conditioning and re-equipping was taken in hand immediately, but there was considerable difficulty in recruiting both nursing and domestic staff.  In 1962 a halfway house, the Kingseat Rehabilitation Centre, was opened at 375 Great Western Road in Aberdeen for day and out-patient care. From 1974 the hospital was administered by the South District of Grampian Health Board, although administratively it lay in the North District. The hospital continued to admit patients needing psychiatric care until the 1990s when changes in the provision of mental health services and the growing emphasis on care in the community led to a decline in patient numbers. Kingseat Hospital was closed at the end of March 1995.


Other benevolent establishments are the -
Dispensary, Lying-in, and Vaccine Institution, Guestrow (1823: enlarged and refitted, 1881), which in 1880 dealt with 3327 cases:
Blind Asylum, Huntly Street (1843):
Deaf and Dumb Institution, Belmont Street (1819):
Sick Children's Hospital, Castle Terrace (1877):
Hospital for Orphan and Destitute Female Children, Huntly Street (1849):
Female Orphan Asylum, Albyn Place (1840):
House of Refuge and Night Shelter, George Street (1836):
Magdalene Asylum, Seabank (1864): a Hospital for Incurables,
The Milne Bequest Trust, founded by the late Dr John Milne of Bombay ; the Watt Bequest, established by the late John Watt, Snr., advocate in Aberdeen, to be administered by the School Board; the Midbeltie Fund, instituted by James Allan, Esq., of Midbeltie:

Returns under the Endowed Institutions Act (1869) showed that the City's endowed charities in Sept. 1870 had a total value of £115,068, including upwards of £46,000 belonging to the Guildry, and yielding an annual revenue of £4289. 

The Deaf and Dumb Institution was established by subscription, in 1819; but, from the inadequacy of the funds, only one-half of the expense of maintenance is afforded to the inmates, who generally derive the remainder from other charitable funds; the management is vested in a committee, and the teacher is allowed to receive private boarders, who are not chargeable to the funds.

The General Dispensary, Vaccine, and Lying-in Institution, founded in 1823, has as many as 6781 cases in one year. The Hospital for Incurables has a daily average of 26 patients, and the Ophthalmic and Auric Institution has had 671 cases in a year.


Poorhouses

Oldmill Reformatory (1857), 2 miles West of the town, is occupied on an average by about 150 boys, and Mount Street Reformatory (1862) by some 25 girls.

New Poor House - A boys' reformatory opened on this site in 1857, with 50 lads under the control of a Governer and a Matron. It took its name from the Oldmill farm. In 1900 the land was sold to the parish council. In time the boys were moved out and a new structure erected with a viaduct to the main road. Naturally the women and men were accommodated in separate wings of the New Poor House which was opened on 15 May 1907. In keeping with the spirit of the age, life has been described as 'spartan but not intentionally unkind'. 

In the 19th century around 70 Poorhouses were built in Scotland. Many of these not only housed the very poorest in society, but also offered varying degrees of medical attendance for the sick and provided some level of care for ‘paupers’ suffering from mental illness. The largest, set up in populous towns and cities, developed separate infirmaries and asylums that operated in tandem with other state provision. In their planning and design they evolved into a distinct building type, which, despite the often restricted funding, resulted in some handsome architectural responses

In 1894 central control of the Poor Law and its buildings was taken over by the Local Government Board (LGB), which was also responsible for the control of infectious diseases.  Unsurprisingly, then, the Board was keen to improve medical facilities within poorhouses. Larger urban poorhouses commonly had separate blocks for infectious cases, and even the smallest would have provided some separation. A more sophisticated separation of the medical and nonmedical functions of the poorhouse was introduced at Oldmill Poorhouse in Aberdeen (now Woodend Hospital).  Designed by the local firm of Brown & Watt, it opened on 15th May 1907 and was one of the last poorhouses to be built in Scotland. It comprised 2 sections: the Poorhouse and the Hospital. The Hospital section was further divided into 2, with one part for infectious cases and the other for the non-infectious. The Aberdeen Daily Journal report on the plans for the Oldmill Poorhouse in 1901 noted that: As the general view of the Poorhouse to most people will be from the Skene Road, a few 100 yards away, it is not intended that any expense should be put upon fine masonry details, and the effect of a satisfactory composition will, therefore, be obtained by means of the grouping of the various buildings and arranging them in such a fashion as to give a suitable yet dignified appearance to the whole.  Surprisingly, the main Poorhouse was still closely based on the 1847 model plan. It is perhaps not insignificant that both Alexander Brown (1853–1925) and George Watt (1865–1931) had connections with Mackenzie & Matthews, the architects of the model plan. Brown had worked as an architectural surveyor for the firm early in his career at the same time that Watt was serving his articles there. The chief variation from the model plans is the addition of a tall clock tower. This elaborately decorated structure topped by a cupola housed the large water tanks. Despite its dated form, the original buildings in sparkling grey granite form an impressive group, retaining many of their contemporary features. In the Hospital block the diamond-shaped glazing patterns of the upper sashes add a dash to an otherwise severe building Oldmill was one of the 1st poor law institutions to have a separate Nurses’ Home from the outset. This was a mark of the progress in poor law medical provision – in the early years nursing was done by the paupers.

Oldmill Hospital - The New Poor House became Oldmill Military Hospital from 1915 to 1919. A different view shows a parade in the grounds. In this view a figure guards the gatehouse. After the war the General Hospital concentrated on the sick poor and the special hospital became a TB unit.  It was taken over by the City Council and named Woodend (Municipal) Hospital in 1927. Many improvements followed. Since 1989 it has been a centre far non-urgent arthopaedic surgery and geriatric care. The other departments far oncology, general surgery and so forth moved to Forester Hill.  

The House of Refuge was established in 1836, by subscription, aided by a donation of £1000 from George Watt, Esq., and is supported by annual contributions; the number of inmates, in 1839, was 420, of whom 120 males and 90 females, who were under 14 years of age, were instructed in the ordinary branches of a useful education. The House of Industry and Magdalene Asylum at Seabank (1854) were also founded chiefly by Mr. Watt, who, for that purpose, conveyed to Trustees the property of Old Mill, producing a rental of £164. 

Old Machar operated a poorhouse, location unknown, from around 1849, with accommodation for 47 inmates. A new poorhouse, capable of housing up to 200, was erected in 1853 at the north side Fonthill Road, Aberdeen.

The building was designed by William Henderson. The new poorhouse's location and layout are shown on the 1890s map inset.  Became Fonthill Barracks

House of Bethany - RC Girl Orphans Home behind the Poorhouse at 147 the Hardgate 1876 was initially temporarily housed at Arthurs Seat (Duthie Park area).  It finally closed in 1954

Following the opening of Oldmill Poorhouse in 1908, the buildings were acquired by the Territorial Force Association and converted into Barracks. The site has now been cleared and redeveloped for housing.

A Hospital for the maintenance and education of 5 orphan or destitute boys, and as many girls, and for which, at present, a house has been hired in the Gallowgate, was founded by a bequest of Alexander Shaw, in the year 1807. The boys are apprenticed, and the girls placed out as servants; the former, on the expiration of their indentures, and the latter after 5 years' service in the same family, receive a premium of £10. There are also numerous religious societies.


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Last modified: 01/09/2013