The Doric Columns
The Loch to the north of Aberdeen was fed by Burns flowing in from the north and west and was the Burgh’s main source of fresh water; it also supplied 3 of the Burgh’s many Meal Mills, such as that at Flourmill Brae. Evidently more water was being abstracted from the Loch than drained into it, because Parson Gordon depicts it as ‘the Marsh formerly known as the Loch’. By 1800, the Loch had shrunk to about the area now covered by Loch Street, and by 1838 it had disappeared completely. The area now known as the Lochlands became George St., Charlotte St., St. Andrew St. and John St.
Loch Street. from 15 Harriot Street to Spring Garden
Fulling or tucking or walking ("waulking" in Scotland) is a step in woollen cloth making which involves the cleansing of cloth (particularly wool) to eliminate oils, dirt, and other impurities, and making it thicker. The worker who does the job is a fuller, tucker, or walker. The Welsh word for a fulling mill is pandy. This is used in several place-names. Fulling involves two processes - scouring and milling (thickening). These are followed by stretching the cloth on great frames known as tenters and held onto those frames by tenterhooks. It is from this process that we derive the phrase being on tenterhooks as meaning to be held in suspense. The area where the tenters were erected was known as a tenterground.
Originally, this was literally pounding the cloth with the Fuller's feet (whence the description of them as 'walkers'), or hands, or a club. From the medieval period, however, it often was carried out in a Water Mill. Fulling Mills - from the medieval period, the fulling of cloth often was undertaken in a water mill, known as a fulling mill, a walk mill, or a tuck mill. In Wales, a fulling mill is called a pandy. In these, the cloth was beaten with wooden hammers, known as fulling stocks. Fulling Stocks were of 2 kinds, falling stocks (operating vertically) that were used only for scouring, and driving or hanging stocks. In both cases the machinery was operated by cams on the shaft of a waterwheel or on a tappet wheel, which lifted the hammer. Driving stocks were pivoted so that the 'foot' (the head of the hammer) struck the cloth almost horizontally. The stock had a tub holding the liquor and cloth. This was somewhat rounded on the side away from the hammer, so that the cloth gradually turned, ensuring that all parts of it were milled evenly. However, the cloth was taken out about every 2 hours to undo plaits and wrinkles. The 'foot' was approximately triangular in shape, with notches to assist the turning of the cloth.
Aberdeen Public Soup Kitchen was first established as a charity in 1800 in St Mary's Chapel in St Nicholas Church. It supplied a breakfast of coffee and bread and a lunch of bread, soup and a piece of beef or mutton to the needy of the city. In a period of nearly 240 days it supplied over 140,000 servings of soup and bread. The Soup Kitchen moved to 41 Loch Street in 1838 and this new building was opened by Lord Provost Stewart in December 1894. The ground floor dining room had accommodation for at least 50 people and the tables were marble topped. In 1926, a total of nearly 27,000 meals were provided with funding still coming from charitable donations since few could afford even the 2d for the lunch. The building survived major developments in the surrounding area but in recent years its charitable purpose was no longer thought necessary, and it was converted into a cafe in the mid 1990's and is now a gift shop.
Loch Street in the 1970s. Far left, corner of the new Co-op building (1970); left background, St Paul's Street School (then Aberdeen Education Authority's Music Centre); centre, the Swan Bar, Post Office, The Buttery (A B Hutchison - Bakers). All demolished for the well known Road Barricade - Bon Accord Centre. In the 50's the former Home and Colonial store was at the Buttery site.
'Soapy' Ogston's Premises
Began as A Ogston and Son based in the Gallowgate area and was founded in 1802. Colonel James Ogston later to be known as 'Soapy Ogston inherited the business from his father. In 1852 he merged the Company with Glasgow based soap and candle works of Charles Tennant & Co. Ltd. to become Ogston and Tennant.
Aberdeen Soap and Candle Works, 92 Loch street;
Female operatives are busy wrapping and stacking soap bars into trays and an earlier fly-press swings dangerously in the background surrounded by mechanical drives and travelling belts on flywheels. Repetitive work for dexterous women with hungry families.
1904 Ogston & Tennant were on Loch Street on August 13th 1904 suffered a huge fire - the date of 4th Feb 1905 is also reported. Innes Street and Loch Street was ankle deep in flowing paraffin wax which threatened to block the sewers and drains.
On 28 June 1910 they suffered a great fire which engulfed and destroyed the Factory. Reports mention machinery crashing through the floors. Damage totalled £80,000. In 1911 the company agreed to an "association" with Lever Brothers and after the 2nd world war, they became part of the company until they ceased trading in the 1970s.
This photo shows the premises of William McKinnon & Co, Iron Founders and Engineers in Spring Garden, at its junction with Loch Street.
The company was founded by William McKinnon in 1798, when they did work for local factories. In the 1860s, they became involved in the production of equipment for Coffee, Cocoa, Rice and Sugar Plantations. The Slavers lash echoes loud in the Iron Works Industry of Spring Gardens
Production of Coffee processing machines had its beginnings in 1798 in Aberdeen, It was there that William McKinnon began the Spring Garden Iron Works and in 1840 this Company began mass production of coffee processing machinery. William McKinnon died in 1873 but the coffee machinery work continued.
By the 1890s, they employed 170 men, making steam engines, boilers, sugar machinery, as well as machines for polishing granite. Eventually, 90% of their manufacturing was exported; they had agencies in 60 countries worldwide and they produced catalogues in English, French and Spanish.
During World War ll, production switched to munitions work, producing shells, mortars and parts for Hercules Aero Engines. They appear to have ceased trading around 1992-93.
Calder's Record Department - 32 Loch Street.
My grandad's uncle, James Calder, had a shop in Guild Street selling furniture, and this shop swapped premises a few times. Then he went to the Loch Street - George Street area. Selling records would not surprise me. He was joined there in nearby premises, by my grandad's sister, Grace Calder, who perhaps opened a branch of her dad's sports shop, William Calder, also in Guild Street. She had an interest in furniture, and her house out King St. was full of Queen Anne stuff. Her selling records as well, would not surprise me. My grandad in King Street sold records in his sports shop before WW2, and his cousin Jake McDonald had a music shop in Queen St., opposite Lodge Walk, selling records, sheet music, & musical instruments. When the latter closed down about 1950, the Jewish wholesale firm in London, which supplied much of his stock, said most of the Aberdeen sheet music trade died with McDonald's shop closure. He'd had a massive share of the sheet music trade in Aberdeen. So, the Calder family did trade in records. Anything wie a bob in it that the public wanted! - Fraser H
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